Let’s take a look at designing effective online learning. The training design or ADDIE model should still be used in designing e-learning. Needs assessment includes getting management to support online learning.
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) refers to learning that is designed to enroll large number of learners (massive), it is free and accessible to anyone with an Internet connection (open), it takes place online using videos of lectures, interactive coursework including discussion groups, and wikis (online), and it has specific start and completion dates, quizzes and assessment, and exams (courses).
To enhance their chances of being effective, MOOCs need to provide an interesting and engaging lecture that is broken up into quizzes and problem sets that learners must complete before they can progress. Learners who complete course topics should be provided with incentives such as badges.